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How Do You Know If You Are A Diabetic

9 early signs and symptoms of diabetes:

1 The early symptoms of untreated diabetes are related to elevated blood sugar levels, and loss of glucose in the urine. High amounts of glucose in the urine can cause increased urine output (frequent urination) and lead to dehydration.

2 The dehydration also causes increased thirst and water consumption.

3 A relative or absolute insulin deficiency eventually leads to weight loss.

4 The weight loss of diabetes occurs despite an increase in appetite.

5 Some untreated diabetes patients also complain of fatigue.

6 Nausea and vomiting can also occur in patients with untreated diabetes.

7 Frequent infections (such as infections of the bladder, skin, and vaginal areas) are more likely to occur in people with untreated or poorly-controlled diabetes.

8 Fluctuations in blood glucose levels can lead to blurred vision.

9 Extremely elevated glucose levels can lead to lethargy and coma.

How do I know if I have diabetes? • Many people are unaware that they have diabetes, especially in its early stages when symptoms may not be present. • There is no definite way to know if you have diabetes without undergoing blood tests to determine your blood glucose levels. • See your doctor if you have symptoms of diabetes or if you are concerned about your diabetes risk. Symptoms of diabetes can be similar in type 1 diabetes, typically diagnosed in children and teens, and type 2 diabetes, which most often occurs in adults.

Early symptoms of any type of diabetes are related to high blood and urine glucose levels and include • dehydration, • hunger, • increased urination, and • increased thirst. Other symptoms can include • weight loss or gain, • fatigue, • nausea, • vomiting, • blurred vision, and • increased susceptibility to infections. Vaginal infections in women and yeast infections in both men and women are common. Other symptoms can include • dry mouth, • itching skin, and • slow-healing wounds, cuts, or sores. Causes of diabetes Type 2 diabetes is usually caused by insufficient production of insulin, production of defective insulin (which is uncommon), or the inability of the body’s cells to use insulin properly (insulin resistance). Both genetics (inherited factors) and lifestyle factors (such as overweight or obesity) affect a person’s chances of developing type 2 diabetes. The absolute lack of insulin, usually related to damage to or destruction of the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas likely due to an autoimmune reaction, is the cause of type 1 diabetes.

There is also an inherited (genetic) risk for type 1 diabetes.


New Monitor Could Help Prevent Most Serious Consequences Of Diabetes

WE’LL SHOW YOU SOME OF THE CITY’S HIDDEN GEMS. THAT’S COMING UP TONIGHT ON CBS 2 NEWS AT 6:00. A NEW DEVELOPMENT FOR PEOPLE WITH DIABETES THAT COULD HELP PREVENT SOME OF THE CONSEQUENCES OF THE DISEASE. A TINY MONITOR THAT CONTINUOUSLY READS THE BLOOD SUGAR. DR. MAX GOMEZ REPORTS. Reporter: THIS IS INTERESTING. FOR MOST DIABETICS KNOWING YOUR BLOOD SUGAR SO YOU KNOW HOW MUCH INSULIN TO TAKE MEANS PRICKING YOUR FINGER A DOZEN TIMES A DAY AN EVEN THEN IT’S TOUGH TO KEEP IT UNDER CONTROL. HOW ABOUT SOMETHING THAT’S NOT MUCH BIGGER THAN A FLASH DRIVE THAT TALKS TO YOUR SMARTPHONE AND YOUR DOCTOR? ♪[ MUSIC ]♪ Reporter: THIS IS A CLASSICALLY TRAINED PROFESSIONAL BALLERINA BUT A FEW YEARS AGO SHE STARTED DEVELOPING SOME TYPICAL SYMPTOMS OF TYPE 1 DIABETES.

GOING TO THE BATHROOM FIVE TIMES AN HOUR JUST HUGE — IT INTERFERED WITH MY LIFE, HAD TO LEAVE BALLET CLASS TO GO, IN THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT I WAS STARVING, LOSING TONS OF WEIGHT. Reporter: A BLOOD TEST REVEALED SKY HIGH BLOOD SUGAR. SHEET OF DIABETIC. SHE RETIRED FROM BALLET BUT TODAY SHE IS DANCING PROFESSIONALLY WITH THE NATIONAL TOUR OF “DIRTY DANCING” REALLY HARD TO DO BECAUSE A TWO-HOUR PERFORMANCE BURNS A LOT OF BLOOD SUGAR. PART OF WHAT LET HER DO THAT IS THIS DEVICE A CONTINUES WITH US GLUCOSE MONITOR. THAT LETS THE PATIENT LOOK AT BLOOD SUGAR IN REAL TIME AND THAT’S AMAZING. Reporter: THIS DIABETES SPECIALIST SAYS RECENT STUDIES HAVE SHOWN THAT CGMs ACTUALLY HELP TYPE 1 DIABETICS KEEP TIGHTER CONTROL OF THEIR BLOOD SUGAR.

CAITLYN USES A CERTAIN TYPE THAT MONITORS HER BLOOD SUGAR BUT TRANSMITS HER NUMBERS TO HER SMARTPHONE AND TELLS HER HOW HER SUGAR IS TRENDING. IT WOULD BE SCARY IF IT WAS GOING STRAIGHT DOWN OR SCARIER IF IT WAS TWO ARROWS GOING STRAIGHT DOWN. THAT MEANS I’M REALLY FALLEN. Reporter: TO LOW CAN BE FATAL. THE DEVICE ALERTS THE DIABETIC OF THAT AND JUST AS IMPORTANTLY — ALSO WORKS CAN BE COMMUNICATED TO THE PARENTS OR SPOUSE AND ALARMS CAN HELP INTERVENTION AND HELP. PATIENTS LIVING A FULLER LIFE. Reporter: THE DEVICE IS THE ONLY ONE APPROVED BY THE FDA TO ALLOW DIABETICS TO FOREGO FINGER STICKS. AND AS SMALL AS IT IS, THEY ARE WORKING TO MAKE IT AS SMALL AS A PENNY SO NO ONE NEEDS TO KNOW IF YOU ARE DIABETIC.

YOU CAN BARELY SEE IT NOW. IT REGULATES HOW MUCH. THE CONTINUOUS MONITOR IS WHAT MAKES A DIFFERENCE..


How to Treatment Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile-dysfunction-treatment ,How to Treat Erectile Dysfunction Are you having trouble sustaining an erection during sexual intercourse? As many of 50 percent of men over 40 have been there, too. As millions will attest, erectile dysfunction can be deeply frustrating and have a negative impact on both relationships and self confidence. The good news is that there are many ways to treat erectile dysfunction, from simple lifestyle changes to medication to herbal remedies. If you want to know how to overcome erectile dysfunction so you can feel happy in the bedroom again, keep reading. 1 Get past your dislike of the doctor’s office. Millions of men who experience erectile dysfunction (ED) each year are too embarrassed to talk about it with their doctor. ED is a very common disorder, but it is not considered to be a “normal” part of aging. ED is often a signal that there is an underlying problem that needs to be treated.

Before attempting to overcome ED on your own, it’s very important to make an appointment with your doctor and clear up any other issues that might be affecting your ability to sustain an erection. Talk to your doctor about your vascular health.If you have high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or high blood sugar, it’s possible that one of these conditions has damaged arteries in your heart, which can lead to ED. Heart disease and diabetes are two serious conditions that often start with ED.If you have one of these disorders, getting treatment should help you overcome erectile dysfunction. 2 Exercise regularly. Really. Make it a priority to get outside or go to the gym and walk, run, swim, bike, or do strength training at least 4 times a week. According to a study conducted by Harvard, walking 30 minutes a day caused a 41% drop in risk for ED.Getting regular exercise aids circulation, getting your blood pumping through your entire body. When it’s time to sustain an erection, better circulation is key.

3 Keep your weight down. Larger waistlines are associated with higher rates of ED.Putting in the work to slim down can lead to huge improvements in the bedroom. Make sure you’re eating a healthy diet loaded with plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. Avoid processed foods and foods made with refined sugars and flours. Replace high-calorie drinks with water or unsweetened tea.

Eat healthy snacks like nuts, carrots and apples instead of reaching for sugar-laden power bars or fast food 4 Quit smoking. Smoking can make ED worse, since it interferes with your circulatory system and is linked to diseases that cause ED. If you’re having trouble sustaining an erection, now might be the time to give up the cigarettes for good. If quitting doesn’t seem possible right now, cut back as much as you can. If you can limit your smoking to a few cigarettes a day, that’s better than smoking a pack.

5 Avoid alcohol. Alcohol is another substance that has a huge impact on erections. After a few drinks, many men of all ages find it much more difficult to stay hard. 6 Exercise your pelvic floor. The pelvic floor helps the penis stay hard during erections by pressing on a vein that keeps blood from leaving until the erection is over.Men who exercise their pelvic floor have better results than those who rely solely on lifestyle changes to correct erectile dysfunction. So how do you strengthen this internal muscle? Kegel exercises. To find your pelvic floor, tighten the muscles you’d need to tighten to stop your urine flow. Tighten and release the muscle 8 times, then rest and do it 8 more times. Continue until you’ve done 3 or 4 sets of 8. Do Kegels every day at least once a day..


Weight Loss Pills Diabetes : Fact Or Fiction?

There really are some promising treatments in development right now that do at least SOMETHING to help people lose weight, based on new insights into how your body absorbs nutrients, and uses energy. So sit down, enjoy your little bacon sandwich there, while we walk you through the facts and fictions of weight-loss in a pill. Let’s start with what your doctor can do for real, today. Because: You actually can get medications for weight loss, by prescription, and they come in two basic categories: appetite suppressants and fat blockers. Appetite suppressants work by blocking your body’s ability re-absorb the chemical signals that your brain uses, called neurotransmitters, to regulate hunger. You’ve probably heard of a couple of these neurotransmitters — serotonin and norepinephrine.

They’re released by your hypothalamus to make you feel ‘full.’ So, if a chemical can block your body’s ability to reabsorb those chemicals, you would feel more full, and eat less. Do they work? Well, sort of. And only for a while. When combined with diet and exercise, studies have shown that prescription appetite suppressants can lead to losing around one and a half to maybe a little over 2 kilograms of extra weight.

But after six to eight weeks, the appetite control center in your brain adjusts to the new levels of those neurotransmitters, and the weight loss benefits disappear. Fat blockers work differently. They inhibit an enzyme called lipase. When you eat food that has fat in it, those fat molecules need to be broken down into their constituent parts – glycerol and fatty acids – before they can pass through the walls of your intestines. That’s because fat molecules are too big to pass through the membranes of your cells on their own. Lipases are enzymes that break down those fat molecules. And in order to do that, they need to bind with them. Fat-blocking drugs work by bonding with lipases, which prevents them from bonding with fat. And without lipases to break it down, fat passes through your intestines and out of your body without ever being absorbed. So do they work? Pretty well, actually. Studies have shown that they stop about 30% of the fat in your food from getting taken into your body.

And over the course of two years, people who took a fat blocking drug lost, on average, about two and half kilograms more than people who didn’t. But there can be some serious…and kinda gross…side effects. Because fat blockers keep the fat in your intestines, using the toilet can become a messier, oilier business. So…those are your current prescription options. Then you’ve got your over-the-counter weight loss supplements. And I’m going to be honest with you here: nearly all of these are bogus. There’s very little good science that suggests that any of them will help you lose weight…at all. According to the Office of Dietary Supplements at the National Institutes of Health, the only – yes, ONLY – one of these that has stood up to reputable trials AND is legal in the United States is green tea.

Green tea contains both caffeine and an organic compound known as catechin. Separately, these two things don’t contribute to any statistically significant amount of weight loss, but when you put them together, they appear to act synergistically. Caffeine stimulates the nervous system, which has a thermogenic effect: basically, heating up your body by getting your nervous system to tell everything to go a little faster. And catechins inhibit the action of lipases, which gives them a minor fat blocking effect. They also stimulate the production of norepenephrine, which helps with hunger control. So together, these compounds have a mild appetite suppressant effect that works the same way as prescription appetite suppressants. And there are apparently other mechanisms that seem to be affected by green tea as well, but we don’t understand them all yet. So…great news, right? Just start drinking lots of green tea. I like green tea.

Well, don’t go expecting a miracle. Especially if you put a bunch of sugar in it like I do. Even the most optimistic studies suggest that drinking green tea leads to losing a couple extra kilos over about twelve weeks. And even so, lots of caffeine can be dangerous. So, when it comes to what’s on the market today, that’s it. But what about stuff that ISN’T on the market? Most scientists involved in making the fat-busting drugs of the future believe that a commercially viable option is at least ten years away. But we do know a bit about how they might work. One weight loss treatment currently in development aims to work by targeting your body’s circadian rhythm.

We’ve talked about this before: Your circadian clock regulates rhythms in many of your body’s processes: including food intake, as well as fat and sugar metabolism. And when your circadian clock says it’s time to burn fuel, it activates a protein in your body called REV-ERB-α. This protein works by boosting the number of mitochondria in your cells. Mitochondria are like your cells’ power plants: they take in fuel, and turn it into energy that your body can use. And your body breaks down the fat molecules in your fat cells to fuel your mitochondria.

So, to figure out what role REV-ERB-α could play in weight loss, researchers injected it into some super wimpy mice. Like, I don’t know what else to call them. These mice were just…not athletic. They had poor endurance, their muscles were 60% weaker than normal mice, and their muscle cells had fewer mitochondria. They were like what we’d be like if we were sitting on the couch all day eating chips. The researchers injected these mice with REV-ERB. And all of their cells began producing lots of mitochondria. Soon, the mice could run significantly further and longer than untreated mice. Obese mice given REV-ERB lost weight, too, and their cholesterol even improved. Essentially, REV-ERB provided a whole-body boost to their metabolism: like what happens when you get lots of regular exercise. It made it so that the mice’s bodies just burned calories at a faster rate. Even when they were doing nothing.

Excellent! Put that in a pill. Give it to me. I want to take it. So, there’s a problem right? Just tell me what the problem is. Well…in low doses, REV-ERB doesn’t seem to do anything. And in high doses…it’s toxic. While it speeds up the development of mitochondria in the short term, it impairs your cell’s ability to produce healthy mitochondria in the long term. And your cells need healthy mitochondria to…stay alive. Since rampant cell death is something we want to avoid…a weight loss treatment based on REV-ERB is going to need more work. Other treatments in development seek to take advantage of the calorie-burning wizardry of brown fat.

Brown fat is good fat. Yes, there’s good fat. You actually have two different kinds of fat cells in your body: White fat cells just hang on to fat for whenever your body needs it. It’s the kind of fat that gives you the love handles and makes you jiggle. Brown fat cells are different. They’re not supposed to STORE fat: they’re supposed to BURN it. Brown fat raises your body temperature when it gets cold by breaking down fat into chemicals that release heat. It can do that because it’s packed with mitochondria. Which, are brown; that’s why they’re called ‘brown fat cells.’ And the mitochondria in brown fat have a protein in them called UCP1 that tells them to act like tiny fat-burning furnaces. So…what if there were a way to turn white fat cells into brown fat cells? Actually…there is! Maybe! The key is a hormone whose existence in the human body was only confirmed early in 2015: It’s called irisin. Irisin turns out to be one of the many hormones released by your body when you exercise, along with more well-known ones like testosterone and adrenaline.

But while testosterone stimulates muscle growth and repair, and adrenaline stimulates the breakdown of fat and sugar in your bloodstream for energy, irisin stimulates the production of mitochondria and UCP1 in your white fat cells. Which turns them into brown fat cells. So, if scientists can figure out how to stick that stuff into a pill or a syringe, they’d theoretically be able to kick your brown fat cell production into overdrive. Which would mean lots of fat being burned without you needing to do a thing. But, since they’ve only just figured out that irisin in humans exists, that’s a long way off. Another potential treatment involves developing a way to inject brown fat stem cells into white fat cells, to teach the white fat cells how to produce more mitochondria on their own. Researchers at Harvard have developed a compound that lets the brown fat stem cells do this. And I’d really love to tell you how, or even what that compound is; but since it’s probably worth billions of dollars, it’s kind of a secret.

And .. we do know already know at least one downside to this possible fat-burning drug: the compound also happens to be an immunosuppressant. It interferes with your body’s natural inflammatory responses. Which is really bad. Because you need your inflammatory response to let your immune cells reach invading bacteria and stuff. Without that response, even minor infections could potentially become really serious. But other scientists elsewhere are working on lots of other things to allow you to someday be both lazy and have a healthy weight at the same time.

Still, you shouldn’t hang up your running shoes anytime soon. For now…we’re stuck with getting and staying in shape the old fashioned way. More running; less bacon. But thanks for watching this episode of SciShow, which was brought to you by our patrons on Patreon.


Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms

Diabetes Warning Signs – Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms Worth Knowing Any of the following warning signs could be one of the type 2 diabetes symptoms.

You could experience one or more of the following diabetes signs or symptoms, or you may not experience any early diabetes symptoms at all. A great number of folks never experience any symptoms of type 2 diabetes and are surprised when they are diagnosed by a routine blood test during an annual physical.

Type 2 diabetes symptoms can be rather vague such as being more tired than usual or always feeling hungry between meals and craving sweets for a pick-me-up. These diabetes symptoms could be written off as stress or blamed on a demanding job. These early diabetes symptoms attributed to diabetes are more constant and pronounced than merely reaching for a couple cookies occasionally between meals or being tired after a hard day.

Ten Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms Checklist Increased hunger and craving sweets Extreme thirst Frequent urination Weight gain Fatigue or drowsiness Blurry vision Slow-healing wounds, sores or bruises Dry, itchy skin Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet Frequent or recurring skin, gum, bladder or yeast infections One of the specific symptoms of type 2 diabetes is having patches of dark, velvety skin in the folds and creases of their bodies — usually in the neck or armpits. This condition, called acanthosis nigricans, may be a sign of insulin resistance. Type 2 diabetes rates are growing dramatically in the United States and Western Europe.

Type 2 diabetes is a slow progressing disease that begins a long time before the actual diabetes diagnosis.Type 2 is the result of the muscles and other tissues of the body developing a resistance to insulin produced by the pancreas. Initially, the pancreas tries to overcome this resistance to insulin by making more insulin. The blood sugar goes up, as a patient’s body is no longer able to make enough insulin to counteract the gradually increasing insulin resistance. This form of the disease generally strikes the “over 45” age group, although younger ages can be affected. In comparison, Type 1 diabetes results from an autoimmune reaction in which one’s own body attacks and destroys the beta cells of the pancreas.

These are the cells that normally produce insulin. Type 1 diabetes is a disease in which the patient in a relatively short time has no insulin production. Since type 1 diabetes often strikes children – this form of the disease is commonly referred to as insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes. How Do Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms Develop? Keep in mind, type 2 diabetes symptoms and other early blood sugar warning signs develop slowly and are usually preceded by weight gain, especially in the abdominal region (think apple-shaped body). Obesity and lack of exercise are closely linked to type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is generally preventable. If you are over 45, have an apple-shaped body and have a family history of diabetes, talk with your doctor about proper diet, weight loss and an appropriate exercise program. Taking preventive action can help you avoid type 2 diabetes symptoms..


How To Test Blood Sugar | How Much Are Diabetic Test Strips

How to check your blood sugar. and How Much Are Diabetic Test Strips

There are two main reasons to check blood glucose– it can help you see how different foods and activities affect your blood sugar AND it can help make sure that the medication your doctor has given you is working effectively. Actually, one of the good things about managing diabetes is that you can test your blood sugar and see how you are doing anytime day or night. So let me show you how fast and easy it is to test. There are many different kinds of meters, but they all work pretty much the same.

First, make sure your hands are clean. Next you open this tub and take out a strip. Then you put the strip in the little slot in the meter. Now you need to get a sample of blood using one of these. It’s called a lancing device. Yours may look different, but it will do the same thing. You might need to glance at the manual that comes with your device, but here’s the basics of how mine works. Most have a dial that controls how deep the needle goes. Start in the middle of the range. If lancing your finger hurts, choose a smaller number or mark. If you have a hard time getting a blood drop, use a larger number. And this is how to get a blood drop. Cock the lancing device and put the tip of it at the top of one of your fingers like this.

Try to press it down with the same amount of pressure each time. Then, push the button. Next squeeze the finger, just a little bit, to get a drop of blood. Now don’t test on the same finger or the same spot on a finger every time or you’ll develop a callus. And try to test more on the sides of your fingers because they’re less sensitive than other parts of your fingers. If you can’t get a nice blood drop easily, try again on another finger.

Next put the strip at the edge of the blood drop and the meter will suck up most of the blood. In a few seconds, the meter will display your reading. Be sure to write the number down, as well as the date and time. We have a form on our website that you can use to keep track of your blood sugar readings that you can also share with your doctor or educator.

And that’s all there is to it– now you know how to test your blood sugar.

As found on Youtube


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